Comments made in unmoderated caucus reflect how less Westernized countries are taking larger steps towards protecting natural resources.
In the first session of the UN Security Council April 28, Egypt proposed steps should be taken towards making agriculture 100% organic.
This is reflective of Egypt’s preexisting initiatives to create carbon sinks through agricultural land, and its continuous efforts to solve the food shortages the state has been experiencing for years.
According to The World Food Programme, “About 16% of the total population [of Egypt] have poor access to food”.
These sentiments were echoed by the the Brazilian delegation in unmoderated caucus.
Brazil has made continuous efforts to make its agriculture sustainable by producing more beef and soy on less land.
The Brazilian delegate has discussed plans to make Brazil a carbon sink via reforestation. Despite this, the deforestation in Brazil increased by 30% in 2016.
Reforestation is a pertinent issue in China as well, as they try to mitigate the effects of issues such as poor air quality in the nation’s capital and desertification in the northern portion of the country.
The Chinese delegate believes China will “never be a true carbon sink”.
As all three nations are coastal and agrarian, the threat of land loss due to rising sea levels is very real.
China has proposed plans to assist in funding protective sea walls in both their nation and others. Egypt being one country of high interest as the vulnerable Nile delta is of great interest to the Egyptian people.
China stands to benefit from these seawalls as they propose to use them as a source of hydroelectricity.
France, the United States and UK have spoken on protecting water resources, but only on countries outside of Europe and North America.
The United States went so far as to say that the cap on global temperature rise at 2℃ agreed upon in the Paris agreement was too conservative.
A theme of today’s discussions have been on balancing economic benefit and environmental protection, with nations outside of North America and Europe taking more of a vested interest in owning up to the commitments made in the Paris agreement.